2015 Clinical Trial
A clinical trial, completed Spring 2015, demonstrated that Make Parenting A Pleasure® is effective in improving outcomes for stressed families. This study was a randomized clinical trial, with a wait-list control condition involving a sample of 59 matched participants with children aged birth to 8 years of age. Outcomes included improved symptoms of parental depression, improved parenting skills and knowledge of child development. Read the complete report here.
A non-experimental evaluation of Make Parenting A Pleasure® by Colorado State University Extension was conducted with a subject group of 746 parents. Findings at the 24-month follow-up assessment show significant improvements in long term outcomes in the following areas:
- Overall Parent Functioning
- Perceived Stress
- Psychological Well Being
- Positive Parenting Behaviors
- Family Functioning
- Parenting Alliance Measure
- Parenting Self-Efficacy
* Note: Over 50% of the families were Spanish speaking and were offered our Spanish Adaptation of Make Parenting A Pleasure, Haga de la Paternidad un Placer®.
Enhancing the Skills of Parents Program II (ESPPII) 2006-2011
Between 2006 and 2011, 1170 families participated in a Make Parenting A Pleasure group through 18 ESPPII funded sites. Of those, 67 families attended sessions which were offered in Spanish. Participants were asked to complete The Parenting Skills Ladder, a validated retrospective post-test evaluation tool developed by Oregon State University. The results showed a statistically significant improvement in all areas measured including:
- Being aware of normal behavior for child’s age level
- Showing child love and affection frequently
- Helping their child to understand their feelings
- Helping their child feel good about themselves
- Set and stick to reasonable limits and rules
- Know fun activities to help their child lean
- Find positive ways to guide and discipline their child
- Play with their child frequently
- Protecting their child from unsafe situations
- Talking with other parents to share experiences
- Deal with day-to-day stresses of parenting
- Understanding their goals and values as a parent
The Federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention named Make Parenting A Pleasure (MPAP) as a national family-strengthening model after a rigorous review. It is also listed on the Western CAPT Best Practice website.
There have been two empirically designed evaluations of the Make Parenting A Pleasure Program, one when the curriculum was completed in 1996, and one in 1999, as a dissertation project.
Design: Seventy-four participants were randomly assigned to a wait list or one of six MPAP groups.
Post hoc analysis showed significant results in:
Parenting Sense of Competence (POSOC) – parents showed an increase in self-esteem and in positive feelings about their parenting.
Parenting Scale (PS) – parents showed a decrease in inappropriate discipline practices.
In addition, those who scored in the clinical range on having problems with their child(ren) at pretest reported a significant reduction in over-reactivity, verbosity, and laxness when interacting with their children after the completion of the MPAP class.
1996 Preliminary Evaluation
Design: Fifty-two subjects participated either in one of two MPAP groups or were in a wait list group.
Significant results on:
Parent Stress Index (PSI) – less parental stress and less stress between partners.
Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI) – a decrease in abuse potential, in parental stress, in parenting rigidity, and an increase in unhappiness.